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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 34-39

Knowledge, awareness and attitudes about research ethics among dental professionals in a dental institution of south India

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
R Sudhakara Reddy
Prof and HOD, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-7761.126942

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Background: The field of dentistry has developed rapidly over the past century based on the Hippocratic principles. Research in dentistry is aimed at investigating the causes and treatment of dental disease and is based on the same ethical standards that govern the field of medicine. Very little research has investigated the attitudes of dental professionals toward the concepts of research ethics and the acceptability of research ethics committees, accordingly a cross sectional study was designed in our institution. Aims and Objectives: The objectives of our study were to assess the knowledge awareness and attitudes of dental faculty regarding research ethics committees and research ethics. Materials and methods: A cross sectional survey was carried out in our institution with the consent of the ethical committee. The study was designed in a questionnaire form which was used to assess attitudes, awareness of dental professional regarding research ethics committee and knowledge in practices of research ethics. A total of 115 proformas were distributed and 100 completely filled proformas were analysed. Results: The dental faculty is favourable towards research ethics training and role of research ethics committee in conducting quality dental research. About greater than half of the participants (51%) had a prior experience in research involving human subjects. Among people involved in prior research about 49% participants have conducted < OR = 3 projects, while 2-3% of the people were involved in > 3 research projects. The attitudes towards practices in research ethics showed that greater than 90% (94-98%) of the patients responded positively. The results from the survey recommends the institutional authorities about the need for training in research ethics with special emphasis on vulnerable participants, aspects related to responsible conduct of research and the roles and functions of research ethics committees. Conclusion: Adequate knowledge of the dental professionals regarding research ethics and their attitudes towards practices of ethical principles and ethical committees will favour quality research and provide a caring society.

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