Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry

: 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 49-

Current scenario of problem-based learning in medical and dental education in India

Thorakkal Shamim 
 Department of Dentistry, Government Taluk Head Quarters Hospital, Malappuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Thorakkal Shamim
Department of Dentistry, Government Taluk Head Quarters Hospital, Malappuram - 676 519, Kerala

How to cite this article:
Shamim T. Current scenario of problem-based learning in medical and dental education in India.J Educ Ethics Dent 2017;7:49-49

How to cite this URL:
Shamim T. Current scenario of problem-based learning in medical and dental education in India. J Educ Ethics Dent [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Oct 19 ];7:49-49
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Full Text

Dear Sir,

This letter addresses the current scenario of problem-based learning (PBL) in medical and dental education in India. PBL is a student-friendly approach in medical and dental education which utilizes the educational technologies such as digital learning software and learning objects, interactive armamentarium, and learning management systems.[1] The apex authority (Medical Council of India [MCI]) that regulates medical education in India has incorporated PBL in medical curriculum.[2] In the dental education perspective, the apex body (Dental Council of India [DCI]) has not incorporated PBL.[3] In India, the government medical colleges and dental colleges are still following the conventional lectures as mode of teaching methods because the concerned dental and medical faculties are unable to implement PBL in teaching method due to factors such as physical workload (academic teaching along with clinical patient management), faculty training, and high number of students. However, on the other side, the medical and dental colleges working under deemed status under private sector have conducted pilot studies about the feasibility of PBL in both medical and dental education.[4],[5] The MCI and DCI should follow online medicine and dentistry integrated curriculum which integrates PBL module which was implemented by the University of British Columbia as Medicine and Dentistry Integrated Curriculum Online.[6] Moreover, the MCI and DCI should conduct an exploratory survey among medical and dental students to study the feasibility of PBL in India and should also organize workshops about PBL among medical and dental faculties to form a consortium. Moreover, it was inferred that PBL can superadd integrated teaching and demonstrates student-friendly attitude toward self-learning and applies the learned concepts of basic medical specialties to clinical problem solving, from a recent study conducted from Mangalore.[7] More recently, a study about PBL conducted in a dental school in Bengaluru revealed that students in the PBL group performed significantly better than students in conventional lecture group due to participation in group and reasoning, critical thinking, decision-making, and active and autonomous learning during the PBL sessions and students in PBL group showed better academic performance as compared with students in the conventional lecture group.[8]

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