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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 71-75

Burnout syndrome among undergraduate clinical dental students in Sudan

Conservative Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medical Science and Technology, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Alhadi Mohieldin Awooda
Conservative Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Medical Science and Technology
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-7761.136049

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Background: Burnout syndrome is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and decreased personal accomplishment. Objective: To investigate the level of burnout syndrome among fourth and fifth year clinical dental students in Sudan. Materials and Methods: A total of 259 selected males and females of fourth and fifth years, using stratified random sampling technique from 10 universities and Medical Colleges in Sudan. Burnout was assessed by Maslach burnout inventory scale. 22 items concerning the measurement of the three burnout components: Emotional exhaustion (EE) (9 items), depersonalization (D) (5 items) and personal accomplishment (PA) (8 items). A high risk of burnout was considered present, when the respondent scored high in both (EE) and (D) and low in (PA). Results: Revealed that 57.1% of the students suffering from high levels of emotional exhaustion, only 3.1% had severe lack of personal accomplishment and 8.9% had severe depersonalization. Students from private universities showed significant higher levels in personal accomplishment than their counterparts in the public ones (P = 0.003). There was no significant difference between the means scored of EE, PA and D among males and females, fourth and fifth years students. Conclusion: Emotional exhaustion was the main component affecting Sudanese dental students. Burnout components affected the students in a same manner regarding male and female, fifth and fourth year students. Selection of dentistry as first career did not affect the level of burnout.

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