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 Table of Contents    
LETTER TO EDITOR  
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77
Views of dental professionals and dental patients in Jos, Nigeria concerning the need for informed consent prior participation in dental clinical research


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

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Date of Web Publication9-Jan-2015
 

How to cite this article:
Shenoy KR, Kundabala M. Views of dental professionals and dental patients in Jos, Nigeria concerning the need for informed consent prior participation in dental clinical research. J Educ Ethics Dent 2014;4:77

How to cite this URL:
Shenoy KR, Kundabala M. Views of dental professionals and dental patients in Jos, Nigeria concerning the need for informed consent prior participation in dental clinical research. J Educ Ethics Dent [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Sep 21];4:77. Available from: http://www.jeed.in/text.asp?2014/4/2/77/148993


Dear Sir,

I am grateful to the Editorial team of Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry for publishing the article "Views of dental professionals and dental patients in Jos, Nigeria concerning the need for informed consent prior participation in dental clinical research" [1] under original research. Obtaining consent is not only an ethical obligation, but also a legal compulsion. [2] Informed consent is more than simply getting a patient to sign a written consent form. [3] But a major challenge posed was to assure subject's perception about the informed consent basic components, particularly among those with low educational attainment. [4] It is also commonly said that telling patients about their treatment only serves to increase their anxiety and may even dissuade them from undergoing treatment. [5] Little has been done to determine either what patients want to know or what they think about informed consent. So in this study author has made an effort towards this.

I would say there is no need to have national guidelines specifying the type of information to be provided to patients in the consent form, maybe we need to give more emphasis on cultural aspects while formulating informed consent. [6],[7] In the article prespecific hypothesis is not clear and also the methods of selection of participants. It would have been better if comparability of assessment of methods between dental patients and dental professionals validated. In the present study reading comprehension of the questionnaire is also not checked. [8],[9] Interpretation of results would have been more accurate with application of statistical test like chi-square. [10] To add further to this article, dental undergraduate students should be taught theory and practical aspects of ethical issues including informed consent.

 
   References Top

1.
Raich PC, Plomer KD, Coyne CA Taiwo QQ, Panas R. Views of dental professionals and dental patients in Jos, Nigeria concerning the need for informed consent prior participation in dental clinical research. J Educ Ethics Dent 2013;3:14-20.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Indian Council of Medical Research. Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Participants. [internet]; 2006. Available from: http://icmr.nic.in/ethical_guidelines.pdfnetwork.org/. [Last accessed on 2014 Oct 19].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Satyanarayana Rao KH. Informed Consent: An Ethical Obligation or Legal Compulsion? J Cutan Aesthet Surg 2008;1:33-5.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
4.
Raich PC, Plomer KD, Coyne CA. Literacy, comprehension, and informed consent in clinical research. Cancer Invest 2001;19:437-45.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
El-Wakeel H, Taylor GJ, Tate JJ. What do patients really want to know in an informed consent procedure? A questionnaire based survey of patients in the Bath area UK. J Med Ethics 2006;32:612-6.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Nijhawan LP, Janodia MD, Muddukrishna BS, Bhat KM, Bairy KL, Udupa N, et al. Informed consent: Issues and challenges. J Adv Pharm Technol Res 2013;4:134-40.  Back to cited text no. 6
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
7.
Sundararaman T. Questions of ethics in public health policy. Indian J Med Ethics 2013;10:1-19.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Campbell FA, Goldman BD, Boccia ML, Skinner M. The effect of format modifications and reading comprehension on recall of informed consent information by low-income parents: A comparison of print, video, and computer-based presentations. Patient Educ Couns 2004;53:205-16.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Moseley TH, Wiggins MN, O'Sullivan P. Effects of presentation method on the understanding of informed consent. Br J Ophthalmol 2006;90:990-3.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Shenoy R, Priya H. Overview of statistics used in Dentistry. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2011;18:778-80.  Back to cited text no. 10
    

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Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kudpi Ramya Shenoy
5-12-1147/2 “RAMNATH KRIPA”, Central Ware House Road, Mannagudda, Mangalore - 575 003, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-7761.148993

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